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The Britannica Coat of Arms

All the Orbital-founded international schools around the world have adopted the same coat of arms.

You may be interested in the history and symbols of our school emblem.

What does the expression ’coat of arms’ mean? It refers specifically to the arms themselves, which are always set in a shield. In the case of a school, these ‘arms’ are obviously symbolic and connected to knowledge. A synonym is ‘crest’. A shield is divided into sections with their background being called the ’field’. The shapes, arms, or figures on the fields are called ‘charges’.

More specifically, let us examine our school’s coat of arms. Its shield is divided into four sections with different coloured fields and different charges. There is a symbolic, curling ribbon or parchment-like band designed below the shield with 3 Latin words: Felix, Sapiens, Copiosus. The words mean: Happy, Wise, and Wealthy.

 

St George

The Knight Horse and Dragon represents St George the dragon-slayer, possibly the busiest patron saint of them all, representing the school founder’s services in England and Moscow for where Orbital first started out.

St George is the patron saint of England and the protector of the royal family, and among the most famous of Christian figures. But of the man himself, nothing is certainly known. Our earliest source, Eusebius of Caesarea, writing c. 322, tells of a soldier of noble birth who was put to death under Diocletian at Nicomedia on 23 April, 303, but makes no mention of his name, his country or his place of burial. According to the apocryphal Acts of St George current in various versions in the Eastern Church from the fifth century, George held the rank of tribune in the Roman army and was beheaded by Diocletian for protesting against the Emperor's persecution of Christians. George rapidly became venerated throughout Christendom as an example of bravery in defence of the poor and the defenceless and of the Christian faith. Because of his widespread following, particularly in the Near East, and the many miracles attributed to him, George became universally recognized as a saint sometime after 900.

George was adopted as the patron saint of soldiers after he was said to have appeared to the Crusader army at the Battle of Antioch in 1098.

St George had become acknowledged as Patron Saint of England by the end of the fourteenth century. In 1415, the year of Agincourt, Archbishop Chichele raised St George's Day to a great feast and ordered it to be observed like Christmas Day. In 1778 the holiday reverted to a simple day of devotion for English Catholics.

Much later, in 1818, the Prince Regent, later George IV, created the Most Distinguished Order of St Michael and St George to recognize exemplary service in the diplomatic field.

St. George is the patron saint of England. His cross forms the national flag of England, and features within the Union Flag of the United Kingdom, and other national flags containing the Union Flag, such as those of Australia and New Zealand.

 

MORTAR BOARD REPRESENTS SCHOLARLY LEARNING

The cap or mortar board has been in use since the 15th century and belongs to the official dress of scholars – historically, caps were used by professors to cover their heads. They were frequently decorated with embroidery, strings of pearls (only for aristocrats) or feathers.

The mortarboard's historical roots can be traced to the mediaeval square biretta worn by both clergy and laity to indicate social status. As the affairs of the Church and academe became separated over the centuries, so did their hats. The biretta was modified and became the headwear of the clergy, and the mortarboard (or flattened square tam) became the hat of the academic.

It was originally reserved for holders of master's degrees (the highest qualification in medieval academia) but was later adopted by bachelors and undergraduates. In the 16th and 17th centuries corner-cap was the term used (OED).

Until the second half of the twentieth century, mortarboards were often worn by schoolteachers, and the hat remains an icon of the teaching profession.

 

castle

Castles symbolise the historical representation of learning and the power of knowledge as well as the safest protection of people, young and old. Not only is the word ‘castle’ connotatively but also symbolically and imaginatively connected to the word ‘cloister’, coming from the Latin claustrum (latch, lock, fort, border-castle). A monastery complex typically comprises a number of buildings which include a church, dormitory, cloister, refectory, library, balneary and infirmary. Depending on the location, the monastic order and the occupation of its inhabitants, the complex may also include a wide range of buildings that facilitate self-sufficiency and service to the community. These may include a hospice, a school and a range of agricultural and manufacturing buildings such as a barn, a forge or a brewery. Shortly: a firmly built, complex and protective living space.

 

roses

Roses represent the English roots of Orbital. 

They refer to the Wars of the Roses (1455–85), in English history, the series of dynastic civil wars fought between the Houses of Lancaster and York for the English throne, the wars were named many years afterward from the supposed badges of the contending parties: the white rose of York and the red of Lancaster.

Both houses claimed the throne through descent from the sons of Edward III.

At the same time, the rose symbolises wisdom.

 

Field colours

Green: symbolizes development, the revival of nature, youth, hope, happiness.

Blue: the colour of the sky and the sea, eternity, conscience, intellect, meditation and solace.